Step 1: Determine an Appropriate Course of Action

Gather Information

If a student expresses that he or she is personally troubled or is troubled by another student, take note of whether one or more of the following warning signs are present.

Behavioral Signs

  • Confusion or inability to make decisions
  • Tearfulness
  • Speaking out of turn or inappropriately in class
  • Change in motivation or concentration
  • Fatigue, lack of energy, or falling asleep in class
  • Deterioration in personal hygiene, physical appearance, or noticeable change in weight
  • Difficulty working with others/connecting with peers
  • Evidence of self-injury or abuse (cuts, bruises, missing patches of hair, etc.)
  • Evidence of alcohol or drug intoxication
  • Appearance of being hungover (odor of alcohol, etc.)
  • Hostility/irritability toward professor or peers
  • Overt or indirect expressions of intent to harm or kill oneself or others

Academic Signs

  • Inappropriate classroom or online behavior
  • Deterioration in quality of work
  • Missed/late assignments or repeated requests for extensions
  • Alarming/disturbing content in writing or class discussions
  • Missed appointments
  • Continuous, perpetual procrastination
  • Frequent, repeated tardiness or absences from class
  • Decrease in or lack of engagement in group or participation- oriented classes
  • Continually not prepared for class

If one or more signs are present, please proceed to Step 2.

Step 2: Assess the Level of Distress