Code  Course  Credits 

PHY 101 
Basic Physics IOffered: Fall Semester Fundamentals of physics for students of biology. Topics in classical mechanics, heat and molecular view of gases; electricity and magnetism, optics and modern physics.

4 
PHY 102 
Basic Physics IIOffered: Spring Semester Fundamentals of physics for students of biology. Topics in classical mechanics, heat and molecular view of gases; electricity and magnetism, optics and modern physics. Three periods of lecture and two hours of laboratory a week for two semesters.

4 
PHY 105 
Physics Problem Solving IOffered: Spring Semester This series of onecredit courses is meant to help students integrate the knowledge acquired in several physics topics from freshman to senior year. The topics covered range from engineering applications of physics concepts to advanced topics in physics and astrophysics. Students are given complex and multifaceted problems that they can study individually and in groups with the help of the Physics faculty.
Corequisite(s): PHY 122 
1 
PHY 121 
Physics IOffered: Fall Semester Brief introduction to vectors and basic concepts of calculus; kinematics; Newton’s laws, force, work and power; conservative forces, potential energy; momentum, collisions; rotational motion, angular momentum, torque; oscillations, simple harmonic motion; gravitation and planetary motion; fluid dynamics; kinetic theory of gases, thermodynamics; heat capacity and transport.
Corequisite(s): MTH 125. 
4 
PHY 122 
Physics IIOffered: Spring Semester Brief introduction to the basic concepts of vector calculus, such as line and surface integrals, integral version of Gauss’ theorem and Stokes’ theorem; Coulomb’s law, insulators and metals; electrostatic induction, potential energy; capacitance; currents, resistance, basic circuits, batteries; magnetism and currents; Ampere’s law; motion of free charges in magnetic fields, mass spectroscopy; magnetic induction, Faraday’s law; Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic waves; geometric and wave optics; light as photons, photoelectric effect.
Corequisite(s): MTH 126. 
4 
PHY 192 
Astronomy in the Scientific RevolutionOffered: Fall and Spring Semesters The development and establishment of heliocentric theory. Topics include celestial observations, the geocentric universe, Copernicus' rejection of geocentrism, Kepler's and Galileo's contributions to heliocentrism, 17thcenturyobservations, and the gradual acceptance of heliocentrism. The course stresses exercises, observation, establishment of data, preparation of tables, and construction of mathematical models.

3 
PHY 193 
Science and BeliefOffered: Fall and Spring Semesters Exploration of the relation between science and religion looking at selected historical episodes from St. Augustine to Richard Dawkins. Possible topics include: reactions to Copernican cosmology; the Galileo affair; rationalism and empiricism in the scientific revolution; Aristotelianism and mechanical philosophies; Puritanism and science; Enlightenment critique of religion; responses to Darwin; Big Bang cosmology and the finetuning argument; evolutionary psychology; the growth of antiscientific sentiment within American fundamentalism.

3 
PHY 194 
Physics in the Scientific RevolutionOffered: Fall and Spring Semester The development of classical mechanics. Topics include medieval Aristotelian principles of motion; the development of statics, kinematics and dynamics along with mathematical advances in the 17th century; and Newton's Principia. The course stresses exercises, observation, laboratory experiments, establishment of data, and the development of mathematical analysis and laws.

3 
PHY 196 
Quantum World and RelativityOffered: Fall Semesters Introduction to the mysteries of quantum physics and relativity for the general student. Despite nearly a century of confirmations, the basic rules of quantum physics and relativity are still strange, mysterious, and counterintuitive, and fun to think about. This course examines these rules  their discovery, content, and experimental verifications  and the people who created them  Einstein, Bohr, DeBroglie, Heisenberg, etc. You do not need to be a science major to take this course.

3 
PHY 205 
Physics Problem Solving IIOffered: Spring Semester This series of onecredit courses is meant to help students integrate the knowledge acquired in several physics topics from freshman to senior year. The topics covered range from engineering applications of physics concepts to advanced topics in physics and astrophysics. Students are given complex and multifaceted problems that they can study individually and in groups with the help of the Physics faculty.
Corequisite(s): LC 235  Learning Community: Quantum Waves (WID) 
1 
PHY 221 
Physics IIIOffered: Fall Semester Mechanical and electrical examples of damped, forced and resonant oscillations; the mechanical wave equation via Newton’s mechanics; the electromagnetic wave equation via Maxwell’s equations; traveling sound and electromagnetic waves; diffraction and interference, geometrical limit of wave optics.

4 
PHY 222 
Classical MechanicsOffered: Fall Semester Lagrange's equations; central forces; kinematics and equations of motion for rigid bodies; Hamilton's equations; HamiltonJacobi equations; small oscillations; elements of fluid dynamics.

3 
PHY 223 
Introduction to Physics ComputingOffered: Spring Semester This course teaches how to use software (MATLAB, Mathematica, other) to solve Physics problems. Students learn LaTex, the software used writing research articles. Topics range from the use of derivatives and integrals to complex variables, differential equations, systems of differential equations, partial differential equations and systems, with applications to mechanics, statistical mechanics, wave motion in one and two dimensions and others. We will explore solutions to the wave equations, diffusion equation and Schroedinger's equation.

3 
PHY 291 
Planets, Moons and the Search for Alien LifeOffered: Fall Semester Earth and the solar system, the search for planets around other stars and a discussion about the probability of finding life on other planets or their moons. Topics include: birth of the solar system; early history of the Earth; emergence of life on our planet; mass life extinctions; space exploration of planets and moons in our solar system and search for extraterrestrial life; recent successful search for planets around other stars; possibility of discovering Earthlike planets around other stars in the near future. The course will include class activities, such as labs, and repeated visits to our astronomical observatory.

3 
PHY 292 
The UniverseOffered: Spring Semester Structure and evolution of the Universe. Topics include: a brief history of our ideas about the size of the Universe, from the Greeks to Copernicus; the Newtonian revolution and the defeat of the anthropocentric view of the cosmos; Einstein and the geometry of spacetime; the Milky Way and the discovery of other galaxies; stellar evolution; supernovae; white dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes; pulsars; how stars produce the atomic building blocks of life; Big Bang and the expansion of the universe; discovery of microwave background radiation; and the mystery of dark matter. The course will include class activities, such as labs, and repeated visits to our astronomical observatory.

3 
PHY 305 
Physics Problem Solving IIIOffered: Spring Semester This series of onecredit courses is meant to help students integrate the knowledge acquired in several physics topics from freshman to senior year. The topics covered range from engineering applications of physics concepts to advanced topics in physics and astrophysics. Students are given complex and multifaceted problems that they can study individually and in groups with the help of the Physics faculty. Each spring semester there will be four separate sections of the course for, respectively, PHY 105 for freshmen, PHY 205 for sophomores, PHY 305 for juniors and PHY 405 for seniors. Seniors will read research papers and present them to the rest of the class.Completion of the four courses will satisfy the Capstone requirement for Physics and Astronomy majors. 
1 
PHY 310 
Introduction to OpticsOffered: Fall Semester Covers the basics concepts and methods of optics, including geometrical and wave optics, polarization, lenses and mirrors, coherence, freespace propagation, Fourier optics, interference and diffraction. Optical devices such as the lasers and interferometers are briefly discussed, and the quantum mechanical description of light in terms of photons is introduced.

3 
PHY 320 
Introduction to PhotonicsOffered: Spring Semester Covers the basic concepts and methods of photonics, the study of lightbased technology. Topics include lasers, optical fibers, optical properties of semiconductors, light emitting diodes, optical courses and detectors.

3 
PHY 321 
Statistical PhysicsOffered: Spring Semester An introduction to the macroscopic view of thermodynamics: temperature, heat, work, entropy, equations of state, engines and refrigerators. Introduction to the microscopic or statistical view: MaxwellBoltzmann distribution; microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical distributions; quantum statistics of bosons and fermions; black body radiation; electronic and thermal properties of quantum liquids and solids.

3 
PHY 322 
Astrophysics and CosmologyOffered: Spring Semester Introduction to the structure of stars and hydrostatic equilibrium; stellar nuclear fusion; stellar evolution, the ultimate fate of stars, stellar superwinds and supernovae; stellar remnants: white dwarfs, neutron stars and degeneracy pressure; xray sources; black holes and accretion disks; how relativity predicts the expansion of the universe; quasars and gamma ray bursts; modern cosmology: microwave background radiation; dark matter; vacuum energy; the formation of galaxies from gravitational instability; primordial synthesis of the elements; the Big Bang as a test of our high energy physics theories.

3 
PHY 323 
Quantum PhysicsOffered: Spring Semester Schroedinger wave equation and the statistical interpretation of the wave function; the time independent equation in one dimension  free particle, square wells, barriers, tunneling; the equation in three dimensions  hydrogen atom and angular momentum; identical particles and spin; multiparticle states and entanglement; introduction to solids and Block theorem.

3 
PHY 324 
ElectromagnetismOffered: Spring Semester The sources, the properties and the waves of electromagnetic fields and potentials; Boundary value problems in electrostatics; Magnetostatics and Faraday's law; Electromagnetic Properties of media: dielectrics, diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials; Maxwell's equations in differential form; Relativistic basis of electromagnetism; Electromagnetic basis of geometric and wave optics: lenses, mirrors, diffraction, polarization.

3 
PHY 325 
ElectronicsOffered: Fall Semester Analog electronic circuits, from RL, RC, RLC filters to transistors and operational amplifiers; introduction to digital circuits. The course includes both theory and a strong lab component.

4 
PHY 326 
GeophysicsOffered: Not Offered 20182019 Students will study creeping flow mantle; physical chemical evidence of plate tectonics; planetary tomography; ridges subduction zones; formation continental crust; plumes hot spot volcanism; seafloor depth versus age, lithosphere in time; model of heat diffusion; pressure, gravity, sound speed composition of lithosphere, mantle and core; viscous flow, stress, strain, strain rate; equations governing fluid flow; viscosity of the mantle; plate tectonics heat flow, Earth heat engine; convection plate motion; and past Earth origins of plate tectonics.

3 
PHY 327 
Introduction to Fluid MechanicsOffered: Not Offered 20182019 Fluid dynamics is important in describing stellar, planetary dynamics (mantle, oceans and atmosphere), and multiple engineering applications. The course covers the following: Dissipationless fluids: conservation of mass, Euler's equation, equation of continuity, conservation of energy, entropy, Bernoulli's equation, adiabatic, isothermal fluids, thermal and mechanical equilibrium, vorticity, Helmholtz theorems, irrotational flow; Viscous fluids: viscosity, strain rate, stress, NavierStokes equation; waves, instability in fluids, turbulent flow, boundary layer flow, convection; compressible flow, sound waves; aerofoils, KuttaJoukowski theorem.

3 
PHY 328 
Planetary AstrophysicsOffered: Not Offered 20182019 Rocky planets, icy planets, giants; solar nebula and planets' formation by core accretion and planets' migration; present data frequency of planets around stars; dust to planetesimals to planets; comparative analysis of rocky planets in solar system; plate tectonics, stagnant lid describing Mars, Venus and Earth; whole planet heat structure models of planets in solar system; modeling of superEarths other solar systems; outer moons tides; search for life on planets and moons; habitable zone around stars.

3 
PHY 330 
Optics and Photonics LabOffered: Alternate Years: Spring 2020, 2022 This course focuses on learning experimental methods in optics and photonics and on carrying out a series of basic experiments in these areas. Topics of experiments include geometric and wave optics, interference, lasers, optical fibers, optical properties of semiconductors, light emitting diodes, optical sources and detectors.

3 
PHY 340 
Semiconductor Materials and DevicesOffered: Alternate Years: Fall 2020, 2022 This course is an introduction to the electronic properties of semiconductors and the functioning of semiconductorbased devices. Topics include introduction to crystalline solids, the band theory of metals and semiconductors, drift and diffusion of electrons and holes, electronhole generation and recombination, PN junctions, diodes, bipolar junction and fieldeffect transistors, integrated circuit basics, photodetectors, solar cells, and light emitting diodes. Please type out any Prerequisites or Course Restrictions. Prerequisite: PHY 221 (Physics III).

3 
PHY 370 
Integrated PhotonicsOffered: Alternate Years: Fall 2020, 2022 Introduction to the concepts, devices and characterization of integrated photonics, including waveguides, waveguide bending and bending loss, Ybranch coupler, grating couplers. This course will help students understand the complete designfabricatetest and data analysis cycle of the integrated photonic circuits. Course project will involve the design, fabrication, and testing of a MachZehnder interferometer (MZI), as an example of an integrated photonic circuit.

3 
PHY 401 
Great Experiments in Modern Physics IOffered: Fall Semester Available experiments include: Cavendish experiment for the gravitational constant, Young's twoslit interference experiment, Fizeau's rotating mirror experiment for the speed of light, Maxwell's speed of light via electrical measurements, Thomson's experiment for the electron charge/mass ratio, Millikan's experiment for the electron charge, EinsteinPerrin's for Boltzmann's constant, Planck's constant via photoelectric effect, Planck's constant via hydrogen spectrum, Rutherford's experiment for nuclear size, FrankHertz experiment on inelastic electronatom collisions. PHY 401 may be elected without PHY 402; however, to complete all the experiments students will need both semesters. See Program Director. 
3 
PHY 402 
Great Experiments in Modern Physics IIOffered: Not Offered 20182019 Available experiments include: Cavendish experiment for the gravitational constant, Young's twoslit interference experiment, Fizeau's rotating mirror experiment for the speed of light, Maxwell's speed of light via electrical measurements, Thomson's experiment for the electron charge/mass ratio, Millikan's experiment for the electron charge, EinsteinPerrin's for Boltzmann's constant, Planck's constant via photoelectric effect, Planck's constant via hydrogen spectrum, Rutherford's experiment for nuclear size, FrankHertz experiment on inelastic electronatom collisions. PHY 401 may be elected without PHY 402; however, to complete all the experiments students will need both semesters. See Program Director. 
3 
PHY 403 
Topics in PhysicsOffered: Offered Periodically This is an umbrella title to accommodate any physics offering not regularly offered. PHY 403 may be repeated as long as topics differ. 
3 
PHY 404 
Topics in AstronomyOffered: Fall Semester The mechanism for PHY 404 is the same as for PHY 403: examples are PHY 404  Research in Extrasolar Planets, PHY 404  Stellar Evolution or PHY 404  Cosmology.

3 
PHY 405 
Physics Problem Solving IVOffered: Spring Semester This series of onecredit courses is meant to help students integrate the knowledge acquired in several physics topics from freshman to senior year. The topics covered range from engineering applications of physics concepts to advanced topics in physics and astrophysics. Students are given complex and multifaceted problems that they can study individually and in groups with the help of the Physics faculty. Each spring semester there will be four separate sections of the course for, respectively, PHY 105 for freshmen, PHY 205 for sophomores, PHY 305 for juniors and PHY 405 for seniors. Seniors will read research papers and present them to the rest of the class.Completion of the four courses will satisfy the Capstone requirement for Physics and Astronomy majors. 
1 
PHY 420 
Engineering StaticsOffered: Fall Semester Introduces students to the basic principles of engineering statics. The course deals with forces acting on rigid bodies under static equilibrium. Topics include forces, force systems, moments, couples, first and second moments of areas and volumes, inertia, centroids, frames and trusses.

3 
PHY 425 
Solid MechanicsOffered: Spring Semester The concepts of stress and strain and their relation are introduced. Axially loaded members, temperature effects, torsion, bending, combined loading and stress transformations are studied. Torsion, deflection of beams, stability and buckling of columns are discussed.

3 
PHY 490 
Directed Study  Physics or AstronomyOffered: Offered as Needed This is an opportunity for upper level students to do advanced work in a specialized area of physics or astronomy. Students must complete 45 hours work/semester per credit. 
1 to 4 
PHY 496 
Independent Research  Physics or AstronomyOffered: Offered as Needed Opportunity for a student to conduct research in a specialized area of Physics or Astronomy under the direction of a faculty member. The research may be part of an ongoing project being conducted by the faculty member, or the student and faculty member may develop an original project. Students must complete 45 hours work/semester per credit. 
1 to 4 
PHY 497 
Senior ThesisOffered: Fall and Spring Semesters Students complete an independent scholarly work under the guidance of a faculty member, resulting in a substantial written work.

3 