Osteopathic medicine was developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Still, M.D., who was concerned with the extensive use of ineffective or harmful medical practices and treatments in allopathic medicine. He developed osteopathic medicine as a method of treatment that emphasizes the musculoskeletal system and a concern for the human patient as a complete entity.
There are 30 osteopathic medical colleges in the U.S. The greatest number of schools is located in the Midwest where osteopathic medicine was established.
Osteopathic medical programs are four years in length and consist of two years of basic science courses and two years of clinical training. Clinical training is composed of clerkships where the student spends time in a clinical setting under the supervision of one or more mentors. After receiving the DO degree, graduates may serve a 12-month internship approved by the American Osteopathic Association. Completion of the internship allows the DO to begin the general practice of medicine. The graduate, however, may apply for entry into specialty training in a variety of MD or DO residency programs ranging from two to six additional years.
The American Osteopathic Association maintains a list of the individual state associations. You should contact the association for your state and ask for a DO who is willing to mentor pre-med students in the your area.
The Massachusetts Association of osteopathic physicians suggests going to the iLearn Mentor Program website which pairs students with DOs, and checking this site to find and call DOs in the area. You should call a few offices that you find through the websites to ask if they would be willing to have you shadow them.
The Application Service, or AACOMAS, is the centralized application service for osteopathic medical schools. Applicants submit a single application to AACOMAS, which then sends a standard applicant packet to each of the medical schools to which you are applying.
Osteopathic schools often require a letter of evaluation from a pre-health advisory committee, rather than several individual letters. Each applicant who seeks a committee letter of evaluation will be interviewed by several members of the Stonehill Pre-Health Professions Advisory Committee, who will then condense the comments of science faculty, non-science faculty, and employers, which you will have previously gathered, into a single letter of evaluation to be submitted to optometry schools
If an osteopathic school is seriously considering you for admission, they will most likely request a personal interview.
The Medical College Admission Test, MCAT, is required for admission by all U.S. medical schools. During and after medical school, you will have to pass nationally standardized licensure and certification exams. The MCAT is designed to show those candidates who have demonstrated content mastery and proficiency in this kind of testing. Studies have shown that MCAT scores are statistically reliable and valid predictors of academic success in the basic medical sciences in medical school. Some medical schools conduct a preliminary screening based entirely on GPA and MCAT scores as a component of the process of selecting those applicants to be interviewed.
The MCAT is a multiple choice examination that is approximately 7.5 hours long and consists of the following four examinations in order:
- Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems; 59 questions; 95 minutes
- Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills; 53 questions; 90 minutes
- Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems; 59 questions; 95 minutes
- Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior; 59 questions; 95 minutes
- Total testing time: 6 hours and 15 minutes
Only an introductory-level knowledge of physics, general chemistry, biology, and organic chemistry is required for the MCAT. However, the test determines how well you can apply this introductory material to problem-solving questions, not simply if you have it memorized. Each section is scored on a scale of 118 to 132. Your combined score will range between 472 to 528.
While Stonehill College does not sponsor or advocate for any specific MCAT prep course, plan, or company, there are several you might wish to investigate. When determining a strategy, you must reflect on how you learn best and what your needs are regarding studying. Each applicant has their own needs and preferences, and if you choose to invest in a program, you must make sure it provides you what you are looking for as a unique individual. If you choose to sign up for any of the sites below to access a free practice exam, please know that you may receive multiple marketing emails from them after. You may want to create and use a new email address or create a rule in your inbox to manage these new promotional emails hitting your inbox.
- Altius (offers free MCAT practice test)
- ExamKrackers (offers a free home study syllabus)
- Gold Standard (offers a free 1/3 length practice test)
- Kaplan Test Prep (offers free practice exam)
- Next Step Test Prep (offers free diagnostic and one free full length exam)
- Princeton Review (offers free practice exam)
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The following is a list of undergraduate courses that typically satisfy the prerequisites for osteopathic medical programs:Suggested Coursework
- Chemistry with lab (1 year)
- Organic Chemistry with lab* (1 semester)
- Biology with lab (1 year)
- Physics with lab (1 year)
- English (1 year)
- Biochemistry, Genetics, Behavioral Sciences, and Statistics are also strongly recommended.
* Biochemistry majors may take Organic Chemistry I & Inorganic Chemistry (8 credits – CHM 221 & 244)