There are 125 M.D.-granting institutions in the United States. Medical curricula have undergone significant revision during the past two decades as medical schools have made substantial efforts to place greater emphasis on modes of active and clinically relevant learning and reduce passive approaches to medical education.
During the first two years of medical curriculum, students learn scientific material basic to the practice of medicine, as well as behavioral science, preventative medicine medical ethics, human sexuality, and other clinically relevant content. They also master the skills associated with medical interviewing, history-taking, and physical examination.
During the second two years of medical curriculum, students participate in required clinical rotations called “clerkships.” Each clerkship is typically one to three months in length. Core clinical training usually involves rotations in internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, and psychiatry; many schools also have a required rotation in family medicine or primary care. These core clerkships are supplemented by elective rotations, in which students pursue individual interests and begin the process of identifying their future specialty choice.
The American Medical College Application Service, or AMCAS, is the centralized application service of the Association of Medical Colleges. Applicants submit a single application to AMCAS, which then sends a standard applicant packet to each of the medical schools to which you are applying. Not all medical schools participate in AMCAS, and some may require alternate application processes. Consult the MSAR to determine which schools participate and which require individual applications. AMCAS accepts applications beginning on or about June 1, although applicants may begin preparing their online applications on or about May 1. As a general rule, the earlier you apply in the application cycle, the better. The majority of medical schools select their students on a rolling admissions basis. They do not wait until all of their application deadlines have passed prior to reviewing and assessing completed applications. The first notification date for regular (non-Early Decision Program) acceptances is October 15; Early Decision Program (EDP) applicants must receive notification by October 1.
Medical schools often require a letter of evaluation from a pre-health advisory committee, rather than several individual letters. Each applicant who seeks a committee letter of evaluation will be interviewed by several members of the Stonehill Pre-Health Professions Advisory Committee, who will then condense the comments of science faculty, non-science faculty, and employers, which you will have previously gathered, into a single letter of evaluation to be submitted to medical schools.
If a medical school is seriously considering you for admission, they will most likely request a personal interview.
Entrance requirements and application dates for every medical school in the United States and Canada are listed in the Medical School Admission Requirements (MSAR).
The Medical College Admission Test, MCAT, is required for admission by all U.S. medical schools. During and after medical school, you will have to pass nationally standardized licensure and certification exams. The MCAT is designed to show those candidates who have demonstrated content mastery and proficiency in this kind of testing. Studies have shown that MCAT scores are statistically reliable and valid predictors of academic success in the basic medical sciences in medical school. Some medical schools conduct a preliminary screening based entirely on GPA and MCAT scores as a component of the process of selecting those applicants to be interviewed.
The MCAT is a multiple choice examination that is approximately 7.5 hours long and consists of the following four examinations in order:
- Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems; 59 questions; 95 minutes
- Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills; 53 questions; 90 minutes
- Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems; 59 questions; 95 minutes
- Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior; 59 questions; 95 minutes
- Total testing time: 6 hours and 15 minutes
Only an introductory-level knowledge of physics, general chemistry, biology, and organic chemistry is required for the MCAT. However, the test determines how well you can apply this introductory material to problem-solving questions, not simply if you have it memorized. Each section is scored on a scale of 118 to 132. Your combined score will range between 472 to 528.
|Subjects Covered||Type of Exam||Exam Length||When Given||Where Taken||Contact Info to Register|
|Biology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Physics, Psychology, Sociology, Math, Stats, & Writing
More information here
|7 hr 30 min, which includes breaks and administrative tasks.||AM and PM Sessions Available multiple times late January through September||Test centers throughout the US and globally||Visit the AAMC website for more infomration|
|Test Prep||Cost of Exam||Obtaining Scores||Uploading Scores||Score Record||Notes|
|Prep materials can be found here.||$305.00 Financial aid available (discounted to $115.00)
More information here
|Scores released 30-35 days after exam
More information here
|Scores automatically uploaded to AMCAS||Schools may determine how far back they want the score record to go|
The following is a list of undergraduate courses that typically satisfy the prerequisites for allopathic medical programs:
- Chemistry with lab (1 year)
- Organic Chemistry with lab* (1 year)
- Biology with lab (1 year)
- Physics with lab (1 year)
- English (1 year)
- Biochemistry and Calculus are also highly recommended.
- Consult medical schools for more information on specific requirements as they can vary.
* Biochemistry majors may take Organic Chemistry I & Inorganic Chemistry (8 credits – CHM 221 & 244)
American Medical Association (AMA)
Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC)
AAMC Pre-Medical Navigator e-Newsletter
- Access past issues, and subscribe here: https://students-residents.aamc.org/navigator/
2016 AMCAS Instruction Manual
Free and Low-cost Resources to Help You Prepare for MCAT2015
- AAMC information on applying to medical schools as an international student