Faculty Focus 2019: Excellence at the Intersection of Teaching and Scholarship

Scholarship starts with a question — a pressing puzzle that awakens inquiry. That inquiry — the pursuit of insight and answers to central questions — is the foundation of the liberal arts education at Stonehill College, where classroom teaching and scholarly research are inextricable.

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Biography

Anna Ohanyan is the Richard B. Finnegan Distinguished Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Stonehill College, and two-time Fulbright Scholar to South Caucasus. Her latest two books are Russia Abroad: Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond, an edited volume published by Georgetown University Press in 2018, and Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management published by Stanford University Press in 2015. Her articles appeared in International Studies Review, Peace and Change, Conflict Resolution Quarterly,  Global Governance,  and Global Society, among other journals. She has also contributed to the Washington Post, Foreign Policy magazine, Al Jazeera, and Wilson Quarterly. Prof. Ohanyan served as a doctoral fellow at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Her research has been supported by IREX, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the German Marshall Fund, the U.S. State Department and Eurasia Foundation among others. She has consulted for numerous organizations such as the United Nations Foundation, the World Bank, the National Intelligence Council Project, the U.S. Department of State, the Carter Center, and USAID. Her work has taken her across the globe, from Northern Ireland to the Balkans, Russia, and the South Caucasus. 

Prof. Ohanyan served as the Chair of the Political Science and International Studies Department at  (2014-2017) and established the Learning Inside-Out Network (LION) international internship program in Global Security Studies at Stonehill College. She is a Governing Board member for Eurasia Partnership Foundation-Armenia, Caucasus Research Resource Center-Armenia, and Armenian International Women's Association in the US. 

Her current scholarship explores the regional dimensions of armed conflicts as well as regional approaches to security provision and conflict management. In Russia Abroad, Professor Ohanyan explores how fractured regions worldwide perpetuate ongoing armed conflict and examines the mechanisms by which such regions threaten global security. In doing so, the work places a particular emphasis on the problem of regional fracture in Russia's post-Soviet neighborhoods. Drawing from the work of renowned area specialists and empirical chapter authors, Russia Abroad examines how regional fracture, either by default or by design, impacts conflict dynamics in Russia's vast vicinity spanning Ukraine, the South Caucasus, the Western Balkans, Central Asia, and the Middle East. Previously, Professor Ohanyan studied the role of NGOs, policy networks and international organizations in systems of global governance, and applied this research in the contexts of Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Afghanistan.

Education

  • Ph.D. in Political Science, May 2004, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY
  • M.A. in Political Science, May 1999, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY
  • M.S. in Conflict Resolution, August 1998, Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, FL

Courses Taught

  • International Politics
  • Contemporary Global Issues
  • International Political Economy
  • International Organizations & State Building
  • Ethnicity & Conflict Management
  • Comparing States
  • Capstone Seminar
  • Russia, the West, and the Rest
  • Peace and Conflict Studies
  • Conflict Analysis and Resolution
  • Global Governance

Select Professional Appointments

  • Professor, Department of Political Science and International Studies, Stonehill College, Easton, MA, July 2018-present 
  • Richard B. Finnegan Distinguished Professor of Political Science and International Relations, Stonehill College, Easton, MA, June 2015-present
  • Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and International Studies, Stonehill College, Easton, MA, July 2011 - June 2018
  • Fulbright Scholar, J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board, Washington, D.C., July 2012 - July 2013
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science and International Studies, Stonehill College, Easton, MA, January 2006 - June 2011
  • Visiting Research Scholar, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, East European Studies Program, Washington, D.C., Summer 2007
  • Pre-doctoral Research Fellow, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Cambridge, MA, July 2002 - August 2004

Books

Russia Abroad:  Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond

By Anna Ohanyan (Editor)
Georgetown University Press, 2018

While we know a great deal about the benefits of regional integration, there is a knowledge gap when it comes to areas with weak, dysfunctional or nonexistent regional fabric in political and economic life. Furthermore, deliberate “un-regioning,” applied by actors external as well as internal to a region, has also gone unnoticed despite its increasingly sophisticated modern application by Russia in its peripheries.

This volume helps us understand what Anna Ohanyan calls “fractured regions” and their consequences for contemporary global security. Ohanyan introduces a theory of regional fracture to explain how and why regions come apart, consolidate dysfunctional ties within the region, and foster weak states. Russia Abroad specifically examines how Russia employs regional fracture as a strategy to keep states on its periphery in Eurasia and the Middle East weak and in Russia's orbit. It argues that the level of regional maturity in Russia’s vast vicinities is an important determinant of Russian foreign policy in the emergent multi-polar world order.

Many of these fractured regions become global security threats because weak states are more likely to be hubs of transnational crime, havens for militants, or sites of protracted conflict.

The regional fracture theory is offered as a fresh perspective about the post-American world and a way to broaden international relations scholarship on comparative regionalism.

Review by Galina Bogatova of Florida International University

Review by Suvi Kansikas of University of Helsinki

Review by Pavel Baev of Peace Research Institute of Oslo

Review by Lucien Frary of Rider University

Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management

By Anna Ohanyan
Stanford University Press, 2015

Most regions of the world are plagued by conflicts that are made insoluble by a confluence of complex threads from history, geography, politics, and culture. These "frozen conflicts" defy conflict management interventions by both internal and external agents and institutions. Worse, they constantly threaten to extend beyond their local geographies, as in the terrorist bombings in Boston by ethnic Chechens, or to escalate from skirmishes to full-scale war, as in Nagorno-Karabakh. Consequently, such conflicts cry out for alternative approaches to the classic, state-focused, and sovereignty-based conflict management models that are practiced in traditional diplomacy—which most often produce rather short-term, ad hoc, fragmented interventions and outcomes.

Drawing upon the cases of the South Caucasus, the Western Balkans, Central America, South East Asia, and Northern Ireland, Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management offers a theoretical and practical solution to this impasse by arguing for regional collective interventions that involve a long-term reengineering of existing conflict management infrastructure on the ground. Such approaches have been attracting the attention of scholars and practitioners alike yet, thus far, these concepts have rarely involved more than simple prescriptions for regional cooperation between grassroots actors and traditional diplomacy. Specifically, says Anna Ohanyan, only the cultivation and establishment of regional peace systems can provide an effective path toward conflict management in these standoffs in such intractably divided regions.

NGOs, IGOs, and the Network Mechanisms of Post-Conflict Global Governance in Microfinance

by Anna Ohanyan
Palgrave Macmillan: New York, NY, 2008

Partnerships between international organizations and NGOs are central to delivering services in post-conflict settings. This book examines how such partnerships and policy networks comprising large international organizations and NGOs generate policies to heal the wounds of war-torn communities and build institutions of the post-conflict state for long-term governance. Exploring the international community’s application of microfinance in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, this book follows how these policies were subsequently transferred to and modified for Kosovo and Afghanistan. Drawing on multiple, varied cases this book offers a new framework of policy analysis in post-conflict zones, and bridges global policy studies with conflict resolution.

Refereed Articles

  • “The Regional Roots of Global Peace: The Problem of Regional Fracture,” Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, 24, 3 (2018): 371-390.
  • (Forthcoming) “NGOs in a Networked Diplomacy and New World (Dis)Order,” in Rethinking International Organizations: Pathology and Promise, 2nd edition, edited by Dennis Dijkzeul and Yves Beigbeder. Berghahn Books.
  • “How Deep Is Dayton? The Regional Impact of Dayton Accords,” Woodrow Wilson Quarterly, Winter (2016) http://wilsonquarterly.com/quarterly/the-post-obama-world/how-deep-is-dayton/
  • “On Networks, International Organizations, and Institutional Hegemony,” Journal of International Organizations Studies 6, 1 (2015)
  • “Network Institutionalism: A New Synthesis for NGO Studies,” in The NGO Challenge for International Relations Theory, edited by William DeMars and Dennis Dijkzeul. Routledge, 2015.
  • "Transfer up or down? Dialogue groups between Turkish and Armenian communities in the United States," Conflict Resolution Quarterly  29, 4 (2012): 433-460.
  • "Network Institutionalism and NGO Studies," International Studies Perspectives, 13 (2012): 366-389.
  • "The Effects of Global Policy Networks on Peacebuilding: Framework of Evaluation," Global Society, 24, 4, October 2010.
  • "Policy Wars for Peace: Network Model of NGO Behavior," International Studies Review Vol. 13, No. 3, 2009.
  • "On Money and Memory: Political Economy of Cross-Border Engagement on the Politically Divided Armenia-Turkey Frontier," Conflict, Security and Development Vol. 7, No. 4, 2007.
  • "State-Society Nexus and Gender" in Women and Politics Around the World: A Comparative Encyclopedia, edited by Joyce Gelb and Marian Lief Palley. Publisher: ABC-CLIO, 2008.
  • "The Promise and the Perils of Dual Citizenship: The Case of Post-Communist Armenia," Diaspora: Journal of Transnational Studies 13.2/3 (2004): 279-306. © 2007
  • "The Politics and the Conflict Resolution Potential of Georgian-Abkhaz Interethnic Peacecamp, 1998-2001" Peace and Change, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2005.
  • "Nationalism in a Globalizing Context: Governance-Focused Intervention in the Divided Plural Societies of the Developing World," International Journal on World Peace, Vol. 20, 2003.
  • "The Governance Potential of NGOs and Multi-Sectoral Partnerships in Armenian Public Sector: Lessons from Microcredit NGOs of Bosnia and Herzegovina," Armenian Journal of Public Policy, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2003.
  • "Global Public Policy Processes in Post-Conflict Regions: The Case of Microfinance Networks in Bosnia and Herzegovina," International Studies PerspectivesVol. 3, No. 4, 2002.
  • "Negotiation Culture in the Post-Soviet Context: An Interdisciplinary Perspective," Conflict Resolution Quarterly Vol. 17, No. 1, Fall 1999.

Conference Presentations

  • "Network Institutionalism and NGO Studies" International Studies Association, New Orleans, LA, February 17, 2010.
  • "On NGOs, Networks and the Multilateral Millennium" in pre-conference Workshop "NGO Challenge for IR Theory", International Studies Association, New York, NY, 2009.
  • "The Effects of Global Policy Networks on Peacebuilding" International Studies Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, March 2008.
  • "Portable Governance in Post-Conflict Regions: Global Policy Transfers in Kosovo and Afghanistan" International Studies Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, March 2008.
  • "Pennies, Power and Peace: NGOs, IGOs and Their Networks in Microfinance Sector of Post-conflict BiH" International Studies Association Annual Convention, Chicago, March 1, 2007
  • "State Capacities and the Developmental Potential of Cross-Border Engagement of Armenian Statehood," The Turkish-Armenian Border Conference, October 6-7, 2006, Armenia.
  • "Dual Citizenship Prospects in Armenia" Armenian International Policy Research Group, Yerevan, Armenia, June, 2006
  • "Gendered Transitions in the post-Communist Caucasus and Eastern Europe"
  • Armenian International Women's Association, Geneva, Switzerland,October 25, 2004.
  • "Globalizing or Localizing? Policy Diffusion in the Microfinance Sector of the Caucasus and Central Asia," Central Eurasian Studies Society Conference, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, October 2, 2003.
  • "The Global Struggle over Sovereignty in Public Policy," International Studies Association Annual Conference, Portland, OR, February 26, 2003.
  • "The Institutional Politics of Global Governance in Bosnia and Herzegovina," International Studies Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, March 24, 2002.
  • "Interethnic Peacecamps as a Conflict Resolution Strategy,"
  • International Studies Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, March 24, 2002.
  • "The Politics of Governance in Policy Networks: The Case Study of NGOs in Microenterprise Finance," International Studies Association Annual Conference, Chicago, February 2001.
  • "Linking Policy Networks to Conflict Management Capacities of International Organizations: The Case of the World Bank Engagement in the Balkans," International Studies Association Annual Conference, Los Angeles, CA March 15-18, 2000.
  • "Impact of Globalization on the Dynamics of Secessionist Ethnic Conflict," New York State Political Association Annual Conference, St. Johns University, New York, NY, May 7 - 8, 1999.
  • "The Role of International Public Policy in Ethnic Conflict Management," Conference on Institutions in the Post-Cold War World. Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, November 14, 1998.
  • "Culture of Negotiation Culture in Post-Soviet Reality," Conference on Conflict Studies: Generation of New Ideas. University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, October 23-24, 1998.
  • "Macro-Structural Changes and Ethnic Conflicts: Holistic Approaches to International Conflict Resolution," Conference on Conflict Studies: Generation of New Ideas. University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, October 23-24, 1998.
  • "The Impact of the Institution of State on the Structural Causes of Ethnic Conflict," 1998 Summer Symposium for Graduate Students in International Affairs. Women in International Security School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland, St. Johns College, Annapolis, MD, June 11-16, 1998.
  • "Integration Models and Ethnic Conflict Management," Panel Moderator and presenter. International Conference of the Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution. Orlando, FL September, 22-28, 1998.
  • "State Sovereignty and International Macro-Structural Intervention: the Transformation of Ethnic Conflicts," Florida Political Association Annual Conference Ft. Lauderdale, FL, April 4, 1997.

"Women Can Bring Peace to Nagorno-Karabakh" Foreign Policy May 8, 2019.

Reuters and Voice of America/Armenian edition, "Russia Abroad: Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond" (Georgetown University Press, 2018) Watch the video , Published on February 26, 2019

Invited Speaker. "Russia Abroad: Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond." Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington D.C., February 22, 2019 https://www.csis.org/events/russia-abroad or https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__YMBxLar3I

"Armenia's Democratic Dreams" Foreign Policy , November 7, 2018.

"Why Russia starts so many conflicts on its borders" Washington Post, September 12, 2018 

On-air interview/radio, BBC Newshour, Sunday, April 23, 2018

On-air interview/radio, Keeping Democracy Alive with Burt Cohen, April 24, 2018

“What’s Next for Armenia’s Protest Movement?” Al Jazeera, May 1, 2018

“Very potent movement is emerging in Armenia.” Al Jazeera, April 21, 2018

“Russian Restraint in Armenia.” World Policy Institute, April 26, 2018

On-air interview, Civilnet.am, “Human Security Rests on Democracy,” July 15, 2017

“On Voice and Violence in Armenia.” World Policy Institute, August 1, 2016

On-air interview, World Policy On Air, Episode 65, “Diplomacy with Dictators”, April 28, 2016

“Diplomacy with Dictators.” World Policy Institute, April 15, 2016

On-air interview, Civilnet.am, “Vocabulary of War and Peace,” July 5, 2016

On-air interview, Civilnet.am, “Hidden People” series interview with Maria Titizian, July 7, 2013.

On-air interview, Radio-Briefing with Gevork Melikyan, ArmRadio FM107, Yerevan, Armenia, October 25, 2012

On-air interview, ArmNews TV Station, Yerevan, Armenia, November 19, 2012

Invited Speaker. "Russia Abroad: Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond." Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington D.C., February 22, 2019 https://www.csis.org/events/russia-abroad

Invited Speaker. "Armenia's Velvet Revolution After Six Months." Harvard University, Cambridge, September 27, 2018

Invited Speaker. “Armenia Tomorrow: Citizen Diplomacy at Work.” University of Southern California, Los Angeles, May 20, 2018

Invited Speaker. “Theory of Regional Fracture.” University of Minho, Braga, Portugal, March 2018.

Invited Speaker. “Lenin’s Revenge: Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia.” The End of the Region: the Future of Spatial Constructs in a Populist Era, November 29, 2017, University of Liege, Belgium. Co-sponsored by Columbia University and Cambridge University

Invited Speaker. “Armenia’s Democratic Transition and Its Challenges.” Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., May 22, 2018.

Invited Speaker, "On Statecraft in a Fractured Region," Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, University of Southern California, April, 2017

Invited Speaker, "How Deep is Dayton? The Regional Impact of Dayton Accords," Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University, December, 2015

Keynote Speaker, “Melting ‘Frozen’ Conflicts: Peacebuilding as Region-building in West Balkans and South Caucasus”, European Geopolitics Forum, Brussels, Belgium, June 2013

Invited participant, closed-door roundtable, “Breaching the Impasse on Nagorno-Karabakh” Royal United Services Institute, London, Great Britain, April 17, 2013

Speaker, "Advancing Reform in Bosnia", U.S. State Department, October 20, 2010

"Liberty and the Liberal Arts" conference, New Hampshire Institute of Politics in Manchester, New Hampshire, June 1-2, 2010

"Dual Citizenship Law and the Global Context of Armenian Statehood" The National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia, June 22, 2006, Yerevan, Armenia.

"The Governance Potential of NGOs and Multi-Sectoral Partnerships in the Armenian Public Sector: Lessons from Microcredit NGOs of Bosnia," The World Bank, January 2003, Washington, DC.

"Politics of Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina," St. Bonaventure University, December 2001, Olean, NY.

The Politics of Microcredit Global Networks," National Intelligence Council Project, Center for International and Security Studies, Maryland University, April 2000, College Park, MD.

"Microcredit Networks" in Workshop on Global Public Policy Networks, the World Bank and the United Nations Foundation, September 1999, Overseas Development Agency, Washington, DC.

"Negotiation Culture in Post-Communist Context," Political Psychological Speaker Series, November 1998, Syracuse, NY.

LION Program: An International Experience in Global Security Studies

The LION (Learning Inside Out Network) program is an intensive international internship and research opportunity for students interested in the theory and practice of global security. The program builds on courses in security studies, conflict analysis and resolution, global crime, economics, environmental studies, human security, and international development through a semester-long international internship experience with an NGO, think tank or media organization in Armenia.

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