Research and Publications


Russia Abroad:  Driving Regional Fracture in Post-Communist Eurasia and Beyond

By Anna Ohanyan (Editor)
Georgetown University Press, 2018

Cover of "Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management" by Anna Ohanyan

While we know a great deal about the benefits of regional integration, there is a knowledge gap when it comes to areas with weak, dysfunctional or nonexistent regional fabric in political and economic life. Furthermore, deliberate “un-regioning,” applied by actors external as well as internal to a region, has also gone unnoticed despite its increasingly sophisticated modern application by Russia in its peripheries.

This volume helps us understand what Anna Ohanyan calls “fractured regions” and their consequences for contemporary global security. Ohanyan introduces a theory of regional fracture to explain how and why regions come apart, consolidate dysfunctional ties within the region, and foster weak states. Russia Abroad specifically examines how Russia employs regional fracture as a strategy to keep states on its periphery in Eurasia and the Middle East weak and in Russia's orbit. It argues that the level of regional maturity in Russia’s vast vicinities is an important determinant of Russian foreign policy in the emergent multi-polar world order.

Many of these fractured regions become global security threats because weak states are more likely to be hubs of transnational crime, havens for militants, or sites of protracted conflict.

The regional fracture theory is offered as a fresh perspective about the post-American world and a way to broaden international relations scholarship on comparative regionalism.

Review by Suvi Kansikas of University of Helsinki

Review by Pavel Baev of Peace Research Institute of Oslo

Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management

By Anna Ohanyan
Stanford University Press, 2015

Cover of "Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management" by Anna OhanyanMost regions of the world are plagued by conflicts that are made insoluble by a confluence of complex threads from history, geography, politics, and culture. These "frozen conflicts" defy conflict management interventions by both internal and external agents and institutions. Worse, they constantly threaten to extend beyond their local geographies, as in the terrorist bombings in Boston by ethnic Chechens, or to escalate from skirmishes to full-scale war, as in Nagorno-Karabakh. Consequently, such conflicts cry out for alternative approaches to the classic, state-focused, and sovereignty-based conflict management models that are practiced in traditional diplomacy—which most often produce rather short-term, ad hoc, fragmented interventions and outcomes.

Drawing upon the cases of the South Caucasus, the Western Balkans, Central America, South East Asia, and Northern Ireland, Networked Regionalism as Conflict Management offers a theoretical and practical solution to this impasse by arguing for regional collective interventions that involve a long-term reengineering of existing conflict management infrastructure on the ground. Such approaches have been attracting the attention of scholars and practitioners alike yet, thus far, these concepts have rarely involved more than simple prescriptions for regional cooperation between grassroots actors and traditional diplomacy. Specifically, says Anna Ohanyan, only the cultivation and establishment of regional peace systems can provide an effective path toward conflict management in these standoffs in such intractably divided regions.

NGOs, IGOs, and the Network Mechanisms of Post-Conflict Global Governance in Microfinance

by Anna Ohanyan
Palgrave Macmillan: New York, NY, 2008

Cover of "NGOs, IGOs, and the Network Mechanisms of Post-Conflict Global Governance in Microfinance" by Anna OhanyanPartnerships between international organizations and NGOs are central to delivering services in post-conflict settings. This book examines how such partnerships and policy networks comprising large international organizations and NGOs generate policies to heal the wounds of war-torn communities and build institutions of the post-conflict state for long-term governance. Exploring the international community’s application of microfinance in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, this book follows how these policies were subsequently transferred to and modified for Kosovo and Afghanistan. Drawing on multiple, varied cases this book offers a new framework of policy analysis in post-conflict zones, and bridges global policy studies with conflict resolution.

Refereed Articles

  • “The Regional Roots of Global Peace: The Problem of Regional Fracture,” Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, 24, 3 (2018): 371-390.
  • (Forthcoming) “NGOs in a Networked Diplomacy and New World (Dis)Order,” in Rethinking International Organizations: Pathology and Promise, 2nd edition, edited by Dennis Dijkzeul and Yves Beigbeder. Berghahn Books.
  • “How Deep Is Dayton? The Regional Impact of Dayton Accords,” Woodrow Wilson Quarterly, Winter (2016)
  • “On Networks, International Organizations, and Institutional Hegemony,” Journal of International Organizations Studies 6, 1 (2015)
  • “Network Institutionalism: A New Synthesis for NGO Studies,” in The NGO Challenge for International Relations Theory, edited by William DeMars and Dennis Dijkzeul. Routledge, 2015.
  • "Transfer up or down? Dialogue groups between Turkish and Armenian communities in the United States," Conflict Resolution Quarterly  29, 4 (2012): 433-460.
  • "Network Institutionalism and NGO Studies," International Studies Perspectives, 13 (2012): 366-389.
  • "The Effects of Global Policy Networks on Peacebuilding: Framework of Evaluation," Global Society, 24, 4, October 2010.
  • "Policy Wars for Peace: Network Model of NGO Behavior," International Studies Review Vol. 13, No. 3, 2009.
  • "On Money and Memory: Political Economy of Cross-Border Engagement on the Politically Divided Armenia-Turkey Frontier," Conflict, Security and Development Vol. 7, No. 4, 2007.
  • "State-Society Nexus and Gender" in Women and Politics Around the World: A Comparative Encyclopedia, edited by Joyce Gelb and Marian Lief Palley. Publisher: ABC-CLIO, 2008.
  • "The Promise and the Perils of Dual Citizenship: The Case of Post-Communist Armenia," Diaspora: Journal of Transnational Studies 13.2/3 (2004): 279-306. © 2007
  • "The Politics and the Conflict Resolution Potential of Georgian-Abkhaz Interethnic Peacecamp, 1998-2001" Peace and Change, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2005.
  • "Nationalism in a Globalizing Context: Governance-Focused Intervention in the Divided Plural Societies of the Developing World," International Journal on World Peace, Vol. 20, 2003.
  • "The Governance Potential of NGOs and Multi-Sectoral Partnerships in Armenian Public Sector: Lessons from Microcredit NGOs of Bosnia and Herzegovina," Armenian Journal of Public Policy, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2003.
  • "Global Public Policy Processes in Post-Conflict Regions: The Case of Microfinance Networks in Bosnia and Herzegovina," International Studies PerspectivesVol. 3, No. 4, 2002.
  • "Negotiation Culture in the Post-Soviet Context: An Interdisciplinary Perspective," Conflict Resolution Quarterly Vol. 17, No. 1, Fall 1999.

Conference Presentations

  • "Network Institutionalism and NGO Studies" International Studies Association, New Orleans, LA, February 17, 2010.
  • "On NGOs, Networks and the Multilateral Millennium" in pre-conference Workshop "NGO Challenge for IR Theory", International Studies Association, New York, NY, 2009.
  • "The Effects of Global Policy Networks on Peacebuilding" International Studies Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, March 2008.
  • "Portable Governance in Post-Conflict Regions: Global Policy Transfers in Kosovo and Afghanistan" International Studies Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, March 2008.
  • "Pennies, Power and Peace: NGOs, IGOs and Their Networks in Microfinance Sector of Post-conflict BiH" International Studies Association Annual Convention, Chicago, March 1, 2007
  • "State Capacities and the Developmental Potential of Cross-Border Engagement of Armenian Statehood," The Turkish-Armenian Border Conference, October 6-7, 2006, Armenia.
  • "Dual Citizenship Prospects in Armenia" Armenian International Policy Research Group, Yerevan, Armenia, June, 2006
  • "Gendered Transitions in the post-Communist Caucasus and Eastern Europe"
  • Armenian International Women's Association, Geneva, Switzerland,October 25, 2004.
  • "Globalizing or Localizing? Policy Diffusion in the Microfinance Sector of the Caucasus and Central Asia," Central Eurasian Studies Society Conference, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, October 2, 2003.
  • "The Global Struggle over Sovereignty in Public Policy," International Studies Association Annual Conference, Portland, OR, February 26, 2003.
  • "The Institutional Politics of Global Governance in Bosnia and Herzegovina," International Studies Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, March 24, 2002.
  • "Interethnic Peacecamps as a Conflict Resolution Strategy,"
  • International Studies Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA, March 24, 2002.
  • "The Politics of Governance in Policy Networks: The Case Study of NGOs in Microenterprise Finance," International Studies Association Annual Conference, Chicago, February 2001.
  • "Linking Policy Networks to Conflict Management Capacities of International Organizations: The Case of the World Bank Engagement in the Balkans," International Studies Association Annual Conference, Los Angeles, CA March 15-18, 2000.
  • "Impact of Globalization on the Dynamics of Secessionist Ethnic Conflict," New York State Political Association Annual Conference, St. Johns University, New York, NY, May 7 - 8, 1999.
  • "The Role of International Public Policy in Ethnic Conflict Management," Conference on Institutions in the Post-Cold War World. Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, November 14, 1998.
  • "Culture of Negotiation Culture in Post-Soviet Reality," Conference on Conflict Studies: Generation of New Ideas. University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, October 23-24, 1998.
  • "Macro-Structural Changes and Ethnic Conflicts: Holistic Approaches to International Conflict Resolution," Conference on Conflict Studies: Generation of New Ideas. University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, October 23-24, 1998.
  • "The Impact of the Institution of State on the Structural Causes of Ethnic Conflict," 1998 Summer Symposium for Graduate Students in International Affairs. Women in International Security School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland, St. Johns College, Annapolis, MD, June 11-16, 1998.
  • "Integration Models and Ethnic Conflict Management," Panel Moderator and presenter. International Conference of the Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution. Orlando, FL September, 22-28, 1998.
  • "State Sovereignty and International Macro-Structural Intervention: the Transformation of Ethnic Conflicts," Florida Political Association Annual Conference Ft. Lauderdale, FL, April 4, 1997.