Bettina Scholz


Bettina Scholz's research interests are in contemporary liberal political theories, including theories of deliberative democracy, multiculturalism, and cosmopolitanism. She is specifically interested in how liberalism balances the demands of individual liberty with the challenges of national as well as international social and cultural diversity, especially when the latter includes illiberal practices.

Her dissertation, entitled "Indirect and Partial Cosmopolitanism," expands contemporary liberal cosmopolitan political theory by developing criteria that can determine whether a transnational voluntary association advances cosmopolitan norms (such as respecting the moral equality of strangers) even if it is an unintended consequence of an association's actions. Three cases are explored in detail in the dissertation: Doctors without Borders, the Anglican Church, and the Olympic Movement.

Scholz's grants and awards include Harvard's Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Dissertation Completion Fellowship, three Certificates of Distinction in Teaching from Harvard, and Wellesley College's Trustee Scholarship.

She will be teaching courses that analyze classical, modern, and contemporary political and moral theories. Courses such as "Power, Order, and Justice" and "Dirty Hands: Moral Dilemmas" will ask how political theory can help to inform social science research or fundamental moral questions in our society today.


  • Ph.D., Political Science, Harvard University
  • M.A., Political Science, Harvard University
  • B.A., Political Science, Wellesley College